What does bleeding after menstruation mean?
Why are there bleeding
Bleeding from the vagina, which occurs between periods, is called differently. Metrorrhagia, intermenstrual bleeding, spotting. They have many reasons.
Most often, spotting does not affect life at all and you can safely forget about them. But sometimes they can threaten health and lead to death (if the bleeding is heavy). It all depends on the specifics of each case.
For example, for teenage girls who have not yet established a cycle, or women in premenopause, such discharge is the norm. Do not be surprised if yesterday you had a stormy sex, but there was little lubrication: microtraumas just make themselves felt. However, even ordinary stress can provoke bleeding.
There are other reasons why blood appears when it was not expected:
- Ovulation. In some women, the maturation of the egg takes place with the release of a few milliliters of blood. And that’s completely normal.
- Neoplasms of the uterus or cervix. Neoplasms – tumors – can be both benign and malignant.
- Miscarriage. Lifehacker has already written that many pregnancies end very early due to defects in the ovum.
- Medicines. For example, many hormonal contraceptives have this side effect. If you miss a pill, then spotting is normal. reaction.
- Hormonal changes. For example, before menopause or because something is happening to the hormonal background in general.
- Some sexually transmitted infections. For example, chlamydia.
- Polycystic ovaries. This is a chronic disease that causes the ovaries to stop working properly.
- Ovarian dysfunction.
In the end, bleeding in general may not be related to the gynecological sphere in any way. This effect can give problems with the thyroid gland, blood clotting disorders, kidney disease.
The main problem is that it is impossible to make a diagnosis by only one type of spotting or by the fact of their appearance. At all. No way.
When to See a Doctor
It is clear that because of every small speck that does not cause discomfort, no one will run around the gynecological rooms. If metrorrhagia is rare and does not cause discomfort, just tell the doctor about it at the next scheduled visit (and we remember that you need to go to the gynecologist at least once a year).
You should run to the doctor if:
- This is not just a few drops, but bleeding, equivalent to menstruation. If it is stronger, call an ambulance.
- The discharge is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen.
- The temperature rises.
- You feel dizzy, you feel very weak.
- Bleeding between periods gets worse or more frequent over a couple of months.
- In any case, if you have already reached postmenopause, and there is bleeding.
- If you are pregnant or think you may be pregnant.
What will the doctor do
Your doctor can help determine the cause of the bleeding. Even a simple inspection is not always enough for this. Most likely, you will have to take tests for sexually transmitted diseases, take a few smears, a pregnancy test (if there is a reason) and an ultrasound study. This is the minimum, to which trips to the endocrinologist and examinations in this area can be added.
What can you do before going to the doctor
In order not to increase bleeding, you do not need to take certain drugs: aspirin, for example, increases bleeding. If you feel pain, take your usual pain relievers such as ibuprofen. And to reduce bleeding, you can try tranexamic acid preparations. Just remember to read the instructions and take the pills correctly.
Be sure to tell your doctor what you have been drinking and how much.