How to recognize mental problems: 5 most common mental disorders

How to Recognize Mental Problems: The 5 Most Common Mental Disorders

How to recognize mental problems: 5 most common mental disorders

April 8, 2021


Mental problems are often attributed to a bad character, but in fact, a person may need medical help. We talk about the symptoms of common disorders together with the clinic of psychiatry and psychotherapy of the European Medical Center.
Photo by Tonya Rubtsova

Tonya Rubtsova

How to Recognize Mental Problems: The 5 Most Common Mental Disorders


1. Depression

  • How common is: every sixth person faces with depression at least once in a lifetime.

Different situations become the trigger for the occurrence of this disorder: job loss, death of a loved one, illness, childbirth. Basic symptom – depressed mood. But, unlike sadness, depression cannot be overcome by “just pulling yourself together.” In this state, favorite activities such as communication with loved ones, sports, sex do not bring pleasure. Therefore, gradually a person loses interest in them.

Many people lose self-esteem, it becomes difficult for them to make even the simplest decisions. And this exacerbates the feeling of worthlessness and helplessness. It becomes so difficult to bear these feelings that sometimes depression turns into thoughts of suicide or a desire to harm oneself.

Psychological symptoms can be accompanied by physical ones:

  • loss of appetite or, conversely, excesses in eating;
  • constipation;
  • unexplained pain in the body;
  • weakness;
  • menstrual irregularities;
  • insomnia or constant sleepiness.

See a doctor when these symptoms persist longer two weeks. But if thoughts of suicide arise, help should be sought as quickly as possible.

During a period of depression, it may seem that no one is able to pull a person out of this state. But it’s not. With proper treatment, most people fully is recovering. At the EMC Psychiatry and Psychotherapy Clinic, experienced doctors work with depression of any severity and other mental disorders. Here they will help to correctly diagnose the disease and draw up an individual treatment program. When the disorder is severe, acute periods can be spent in the clinic’s hospital. EMC provides support to the entire patient’s family: there are programs here that will teach you how to communicate with those who have mental problems and identify deterioration in time.

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2. Panic disorder

  • How common is: 30% of adults at least once in their lives encountered with symptoms of anxiety disorders, which include panic.

This is a condition in which a person is disturbed by spontaneous panic attacks. They show up in different ways. Common symptom – no reason rolls over strong feeling of fear. Sometimes it squeezes the chest or throat and it becomes difficult to breathe. During a panic attack, the heart beats faster, sweat drops appear on the skin, dizziness, nausea and a desire to go to the toilet appear. It may seem to a person that he is about to die or completely lose control of himself.

Unlike healthy stress, a panic attack occurs without any external cause. After an attack, many feel exhausted. A person begins to be haunted by fear that he will again be covered by a wave of panic at the most inopportune moment. Therefore, people with this disorder often try to avoid places and situations that they think might provoke an attack. Over time, this can lead to a fear of leaving the house, so it is better to consult a specialist after the first panic attack.

3. Generalized anxiety disorder

  • How common is: 284 million people worldwide face with symptoms of anxiety disorders.

We all worry from time to time, but usually anxiety leavesas soon as the stressful situation ends. But people with generalized anxiety disorder do not. Fear and anxiety are constantly present in their lives, interfering with their daily activities. At the same time, they do not always need a specific reason for experiences. Things may go well, but the person will still look for a reason to worry. For example, think over negative scenarios of your actions or worry that something bad can happen to loved ones at any time.

Diagnosis is made if within six months persist similar symptoms:

  • strong feelings that clearly exceed the seriousness of the situation;
  • long reflection on minor events, constant evaluation of possible unsuccessful outcomes;
  • fear of making decisions because of the risk of making mistakes;
  • inability to relax and let go of the situation;
  • permanent state “on the nerves” – when every little thing can piss you off;
  • sleep problems;
  • pain in the head or abdomen in the absence of physical illness;
  • nausea, diarrhea, the need to go to the toilet more often.

4 Bipolar Disorder

  • How common is: bipolar disorder registered 45 million people around the world.

This disorder is characterized by polar mood swings – periods of upsurge (mania or hypomania) alternate with periods of downturn (depression). This is not like simple emotionality, when a person is either sad or cheerful, everything is aggravated to the maximum.

Euphoria is felt during an episode of mania. to a person Seemsthat he lives in the best of all worlds, incredibly talented and able to do several things at once. At…






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